[12] The speed record for 3 ft 6 in (1,067 mm) narrow-gauge rail is 245 km/h (152 mph), set in South Africa in 1978.[13][14][15]. Salamanca was also the first rack-and-pinion locomotive. Some sugar cane lines in Cuba were 2 ft 3 1⁄2 in (699 mm).[18]. was Prepared Based on Latest Exam Pattern. I was delighted to see Bachmann Industries bring out On30 models of 60 cm gauge, Class 10, 2-6-2T Baldwin trench engines, even if they are the wrong gauge. "Narrow Gauge Railways of Canada"; Omer Lavallee; pub. The Southwold Railway was a narrow gauge railway line between Halesworth and Southwold in the English county of Suffolk. The section remained a branch until its closing in 2002, when the track to Pazardzhik was removed. In Razlog there had been a small branch, serving some industry near the town. In the beginning there are also stops Milevi skali at km 17.5 between Tsepina and Dolene and Dryanov dol between Dolene and Kostandovo. The Septemvri–Dobrinishte narrow-gauge line (Bulgarian: теснолинейка Септември – Добринище, tesnolineyka Septemvri–Dobrinishte) is the only operating 760 mm (2 ft 5 15⁄16 in) narrow-gauge line in Bulgaria. When Sarambey became the starting point of the line, the population of Pazardzhik feared their town would be away from the traffic and requested a branch of the new railway, which was completed and opened on Oct 27, 1928. Sveta Petka and Cherna Mesta are former stations, which have had passing loops and sidings. The Varvara–Pazardzhik branch line, which was closed in 2002, was 16.6 km (10.3 miles) long. It is operated by Bulgarian State Railways (BDŽ). Gallery of photos from a journey on the Septemvri–Dobrinishte line, Wyprawa koleją z Septemvri do DObriniszte, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Septemvri–Dobrinishte_narrow-gauge_line&oldid=1000392847, Articles lacking in-text citations from June 2016, Articles containing Bulgarian-language text, Articles with German-language sources (de), Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. It has about 95,000 km (59,000 mi) of track. Then the route passes the river Chepinska (also known as Elidere) and the road to Velingrad onto a steel bridge and continues on the left (eastern) bank of the river. Three diesel railcars of class 81 were delivered from Ganz Works in 1941 and additional four of class 82 in 1952 for long distance passenger trains.[1]. Common uses for these industrial narrow-gauge railways included mining, logging, construction, tunnelling, quarrying, and conveying agricultural products. 4 ft 6 1⁄2 in (1,384 mm) lines were also constructed, and both were eventually converted to standard gauge. Credit: Traction Studios Also due for release in Q1 of 2021 is a Prototype HST, this we have never seen in Train Simulator 2021 before. Free PDF Download of CBSE Class 10 Social Science Geography Chapter 7 Lifelines of National Economy Multiple Choice Questions with Answers. Gauges below 1 ft 11 1⁄2 in (597 mm) were rare. [1] Lower-cost narrow-gauge railways are often used in mountainous terrain, where engineering savings can be substantial. 8 3 ⁄ 4 miles (14.1 km) long, it was 3 ft (914 mm) narrow gauge. In 1920, the surveying resumed, followed by construction in 1921. The Kalka – Shimla Railway rail section is a 2 ft 6 inch (762 mm) gauge railway that runs from Kalka at Himalayas’ foothills to Shimla in Himachal Pradesh. MCQ Questions for Class 10 Social Science with Answers was Prepared Based on Latest Exam Pattern. Avramovo station, situated at 1267 meters above the sea, is the highest station in the Balkans. F. C. Blake built a 7 hp petrol locomotive for the Richmond Main Sewerage Board sewage plant at Mortlake. They were built by Baldwin and were of a standard type that was being used on the narrow gauge railroads of … [2] Historically, the term was sometimes used to refer to standard-gauge railways, to distinguish them from broad-gauge railways, but this use no longer applies. Plenty of steam could also be found in West Germany with the 012 4-6-2s on express passenger services (including a footplate run), heavy freight work with the class 044 2-10-0s and classes 023, 038, 050, 064, 065, and 078 on a These lines were industrial, connecting mines with nearby transportation points (usually canals or other waterways). First up is the Hastings DEMU, this is due for release in Q1 of 2021, now this is a reskin so will need the AP 205, Class 421 4-CIG and Class 422 4-BIG. In 1902, the CGR placed three locomotives with a Mogul wheel arrangement in service on the Hopefield 2 ft (610 mm) narrow gauge branch line that was being constructed from Kalbaskraal. The Boston Mills Press; Erin, Ontario, 1982. The average incline is 30 ‰. This 2 ft 9 in (838 mm) gauge locomotive was probably the third petrol-engined locomotive built.[8]. On holiday in Majorca in the mid or late 90s, and bored with sun, sea and sand, I went off walkabout on the islands excellent bus and train network. Most of the steam engines were transferred to the Cherven bryag–Oryahovo line. The next short section to Chepino (now Velingrad south) was completed on June 3, 1927. In April 1928 as a result of the Chirpan earthquake (M6.8), a huge amount of rocks collapses over the track at km 11.7. The line … Here the route starts climbing 224 m in 9.8 km distance to station Avramovo, which is the highest railway station on the Balkans at 1267 m above sea level. All 10 tunnels on this part of the railway are between Marko Nikolov and Dolene. Historically, the term was sometimes used to refer to standard-gauge railways, to distinguish them from broad-gauge railways, but this use no longer applies. Durango and Silverton Narrow Gauge Railroad and Museum All Aboard! We are a short-line narrow-gauge steam railway in the north-west of England, with a large collection of industrial locos. [9][10] They were a short-lived military application, and after the war the surplus equipment created a small boom in European narrow-gauge railway building. French Trains Set (Narrow Gauge) Version 1.0.02 is the first fully playable public release, and it includes locomotives, railcars, and wagons spanning from the early 1880s, when most narrow gauge railway networks got started, until the present days. This gauge, measured 950 mm (3 ft 1 3⁄8 in) between the edges of the rails, is known as Italian metre gauge. Steam locomotive 60976 is the only preserved in working condition and used for tourist trains. WR8 OQE P.A.Slater, The Hole in I am delighted because these models will allow modelers to build layouts based on the trench railway… The Beenleigh railway line opened in 1885 before being extended as the South Coast Line to Southport in 1889. Here, a little narrow gauge railway, The Denver and R. G. W. Railway survived a war with the big Santa Fe and, actually, lived to haul passengers and tourists through the Royal Gorge. Over the years many narrow gauge railways in Britain have sadly closed down and now cease to exist. A special 2 ft (610 mm) gauge railcar was built for the Otavi Mining and Railway Company with a design speed of 137 km/h. The track reached Ladzhene in 1926, and the section opened Aug 1, 1926 with three trains per week in each direction. We run steam trains every Sunday and Bank Holiday from Easter to the end of October, with full Covid-19 precautions. The Furka Oberalp railway (German: Furka Oberalp Bahn) is a narrow gauge mountain railway in Switzerland with a gauge of 1,000 mm (3 ft 3 3⁄8 in). Mail us (with a photo) with any items you wish to put up here. Swedish three-foot-gauge railways (891 mm or 2 ft 11 3⁄32 in) are unique to that country. Construction of the hardest section, Chepino–Yakoruda continued up to 1937, when on 12th Dec it was opened for temporary service. It is followed by Guliyna banya stop and after this point the railway continues in the Razlog plain and reaches its final station Dobrinishte through Razlog and Bansko. See more ideas about heritage railway, railway, locomotive. "Narrow Gauge Railways of Canada"; Omer Lavallee, expanded and revised by Ronald S Ritchie; pub. [6][7] Another early use of internal combustion was to power a narrow-gauge locomotive was in 1902. 900 mm was a common gauge in Europe. Whether or not this was a good decision is still up Narrow Gauge The small gauge is called a Narrow gauge or a small line. Since 2003 there is only passenger service with three trains per day in each direction. In this period there were a pair of mixed trains and two pairs of freight trains per day. Note: the missing numbers are scrapped or sold. As a part of the road widening work, the bridge has to be destroyed and replaced with new one. This is list of former and actual narrow-gauge railways in India. 1 ft 11 3⁄4 in (603 mm), 600 mm (1 ft 11 5⁄8 in) and 1 ft 11 1⁄2 in (597 mm) were used in Europe. As its name implies, metre gauge is a track gauge of 1,000 mm (3 ft 3 3⁄8 in). Non-industrial, narrow-gauge mountain railways are (or were) common in the Rocky Mountains of the United States and the Pacific Cordillera of Canada, Mexico, Switzerland, Bulgaria, the former Yugoslavia, Greece, and Costa Rica. As of 2016, there are now four trains running the entire length of the line each day. However, a number of these have been or are being revived even after being closed and dismantled many years ago. The first commercially successful steam locomotive was Matthew Murray's Salamanca built in 1812 for the 4 ft 1 in (1,245 mm) Middleton Railway in Leeds. A narrow-gauge railway (narrow-gauge railroad in the US) is a railway with a track gauge narrower than standard 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 1⁄2 in). Several 18 in (457 mm) gauge railways were built in Britain to serve ammunition depots and other military facilities, particularly during World War I. to Druja. The end of 2017 saw the first releases from the Bachmann Narrow Gauge range of OO9 scale models with the Covered Goods Wagons and Open Bogie Wagons now available from Bachmann stockists in a number of liveries covering several eras. They are working as class 75 and are still in service now. 800 mm (2 ft 7 1⁄2 in) gauge railways are commonly used for rack railways. Operation of the section Sarambey - Ladzhene began with four small steam engines (0-6-2T, UIC class C1′ n2vPt) of the 176 – 1076 series. Extensive narrow-gauge networks were constructed in many parts of the world; 19th-century mountain logging operations often used narrow-gauge railways to transport logs from mill to market. There were a number of large 3 ft (914 mm) railroad systems in North America; notable examples include the Denver & Rio Grande and Rio Grande Southern in Colorado and the South Pacific Coast and West Side Lumber Co of California. Just after Tunnel Nr 16, the track passes a stone arch bridge over the river and begins its four-level way on the north side of the valley through 16 tunnels, two spirals and one 180° turn. The journey takes five hours through the valleys and gorges between Rila and Rhodopes. A new tunnel Nr 2 is constructed to avoid the low radius curves of the temporary track around the collapse. In the period of heavy traffic in 60s and 70s, Dryanov dol is extended with passing loop and becomes a station, but then it is completely closed, together with Milevi skali. In his end, the track passes the longest bridge over the river – 58 m long stone viaduct with four arches. This first part is 39 km long. "The Toronto Grey and Bruce Railway 1863–1884; Thomas F McIlwraith; pub. This is the hardest section of Septemvri–Dobrinishte railway. [3], The world's first steam locomotive, built in 1802 by Richard Trevithick for the Coalbrookdale Company, ran on a 3 ft (914 mm) plateway. The abandoned old tunnel is still existing next to the new one. "Narrow Gauge Through the Bush – Ontario's Toronto Grey and Bruce and Toronto and Nipissing Railways"; Rod Clarke; pub. A narrow-gauge railway is one where the distance between the inside edges of the rails is less than 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 1 ⁄ 2 in). Ten engines of class 77 were delivered in 1988 from 23 August Works of Bucharest, Romania, but five of them were sold to RFIRT (now YCF), Argentina in 1996. It is operated by Bulgarian State Railways (BDŽ). The route leads from Septemvri on the mainline Sofia–Plovdiv to Dobrinishte, passing Velingrad, Yakoruda, Razlog and Bansko, linking the western part of the Upper Thracian Plain with the Western Rhodopes, Rila and Pirin mountains. A few kilometers after Tsvetino, the route turns to the right through the valley of the small river Lyuta reka, reaching the former station, now minor stop Sveta Petka. Gradually, standard gauge spread throughout Britain and into other parts of Europe but when the builders began to look towards exports to less-developed areas, they preferred cheaper (and more profitable) construction methods. Many narrow gauges, from 15 in (381 mm) gauge and 4 ft 8 in (1,422 mm) gauge, are in present or former use. Beginning from Velingrad, through Velingrad south stop, the line starts to climb along the right side of river Ablanitsa, heading Ostrets stop and station Tsvetino. In South Africa and New Zealand, the loading gauge is similar to the restricted British loading gauge; in New Zealand, some British Rail Mark 2 carriages have been rebuilt with new bogies for use by Tranz Scenic (Wellington-Palmerston North service), Tranz Metro (Wellington-Masterton service), and Transdev Auckland (Auckland suburban services). Before this delivery, some engines class 76 also had been working on the Septemvri–Dobrinishte railway while the others were based on the Cherven bryag–Oryahovo railway. They fall into several broad categories: 4 ft 6 in (1,372 mm) track gauge (also known as Scotch gauge) was adopted by early 19th-century railways, primarily in the Lanarkshire area of Scotland. 2 ft (610 mm) gauge railways were generally constructed in the former British colonies. In the 60s and 70s the traffic became too busy for the steam engines and railcars, so in 1965 and 1966 ten diesel engines were delivered from Henschel AG. After almost straight 6 km long section in the plain, the route reaches station Varvara, the former junction with the removed branch to Pazardzhik. Narrow gauge's reduced stability means that its trains cannot run at speeds as high as on broader gauges. For example, if a curve with standard-gauge rail can allow speed up to 145 km/h (90 mph), the same curve with narrow-gauge rail can only allow speed up to 130 km/h (81 mph). Fitzhenry and Whiteside, Markham, Ontario, 2005. All railways except the heritage ones are under conversion/are converted to the nation-wide standard 5 ft 6 in (1,676 mm) gauge… During the 1820s and 1830s, a number of industrial narrow-gauge railways in the United Kingdom used steam locomotives. The current plan can be found on the website of Bulgarian State Railways. The Rhodope Narrow Gauge: Website with up-to-date information on timetable, fares etc. It is 45 km long and all four spirals, 25 remaining tunnels and the highest railway station on the Balkans are here. According to Italian law, track gauges in Italy were defined from the centre of each rail rather than the inside edges of the rails. In 1982, Bulgarian industry ordered 10 narrow-gauge shunting diesels of Soviet locomotive class ТУ7 (TU7E) (BDŽ class 81) from the Russian Kambarka Engineering Works. The earliest recorded railway appears in Georgius Agricola's 1556 De re metallica, which shows a mine in Bohemia with a railway of about 2 ft (610 mm) gauge. The first five engines of the 60076 series (2-10-2T, 1′E1′ h2Gt) ware delivered in 1940 and the other 10 in 1949–1950. During the 16th century, railways were primarily restricted to hand-pushed, narrow-gauge lines in mines throughout Europe. In this section, the train changes its traveling direction 6 times. Light Railway, (see The Narrow Gauge, No. World War I 600 mm (1 ft 11 5 ⁄ 8 in) field railway from Dūkštas, to Druja.) It opened in sections between 1865 and 1867 and was the world’s first narrow gauge railway. Oct 10, 2020 - Explore HST's board "Heritage railway", followed by 278 people on Pinterest. Since January 1, 2003 it is The railway was built in several stages between 1921 and 1945 with total length of 125 km (78 miles). In the hard years after the war, the progress was poor, with work done primarily by hand. 1,000 mm (3 ft 3 3⁄8 in) gauge, it has over-100-pound rail (100 lb/yd or 49.6 kg/m) and a loading gauge almost as large as US non-excess-height lines. Upper Canada Railway Society, Toronto, 1963. Lower-cost narrow-gauge railways are often built to serve industries as well as sparsely populated communities where the traffic potential would not justify the cost of a standard- or broad-gauge line. Narrow-gauge trams, particularly metre-gauge, are common in Europe. "East European Narrow Gauge" 1995. Most narrow-gauge railways are between 600 mm (1 ft 11 5⁄8 in) and 1,067 mm (3 ft 6 in). They can haul 3–5 cars on the main slopes. The first rolling stock was brought from the other narrow-gauge railway Cherven bryag–Oryahovo (now closed), which was already built in 1926. A branch line to Tweed Heads, New South Wales was opened in 1903 with excursion trains traveling the line on 10 August 1903 and the first passenger train making the journey from Brisbane on 14 September 1903. In 1842, the first narrow-gauge steam locomotive outside the UK was built for the 1,100 mm (3 ft 7 5⁄16 in)-gauge Antwerp-Ghent Railway [4] in Belgium. Railway line with a gauge less than the standard of 1435 mm (4 ft 8 1⁄2 in), 3 ft, 900 mm, and Swedish three foot gauge, 800 mm, 2 ft 6 in, Bosnian and 750 mm gauge, List of tram systems by gauge and electrification, Rail transport in Walt Disney Parks and Resorts, The Petroleum Industrial and Technical Review, "Trade House" Kambarka Engineering Works ", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Narrow-gauge_railway&oldid=1002322214, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Keith Chester. Two-hundred-car trains operate on the Sishen–Saldanha railway line in South Africa, and high-speed Tilt Trains run in Queensland. The line is actively used with four passenger trains running the length of the line in each direction per day. 1,067 mm (3 ft 6 in) between the inside of the rail heads, its name and classification vary worldwide and it has about 112,000 kilometres (70,000 mi) of track. The line has a number of 4,000-horsepower (3,000 kW) locomotives and 200-plus-car trains. Due to the characteristics of the route through the mountains, the narrow-gauge line Septemvri–Dobrinishte is also known as the Alpine railway in the Balkans. The final sections Belitsa–Bansko and Bansko–Dobrinishte were opened on Mar 3, 1943 and Dec 9, 1945 respectively. Along the gorge, the line passes stops Marko Nikolov (ex Mineral baths), Tsepina (ex Dorkovo), the river again and the road at manually operated level crossing, to reach station Dolene, where it continues in the opposite direction on the other side of the valley, climbing 246 m level displacement to drainage divide Chukata and station Kostandovo ( 801 m ASL) in 10.9 km. Some industrial narrow-gauge railways and a children's railway can still be found in Belarus particularly associated with the peat extraction industry. The first use of steam locomotives on a public, passenger-carrying narrow-gauge railway was in 1865, when the Ffestiniog Railway introduced passenger service after receiving its first locomotives two years earlier.[5]. A narrow-gauge railway is one where the distance between the inside edges of the rails is less than 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 1⁄2 in). Between Sveta Petka and Avramovo there is also a closed stop for the nearby village Pashovo. In the 17th century, mine railways were extended to provide transportation above ground. One of the first to start operating again (in 1971) is the Llanberis Lake Railway which has been rebuilt as a 2 foot gauge railway for visitors to the Padarn Country Park. The narrow-gauge railway is the railway track, in which distance between two tracks is 2 ft 6 in (762 mm) and 2 ft (610 mm). 2801.5] Gondia Jn - Balaghat Jn - Nainpur - Jabalpur Jn: (RMI H9-G8) Spine of the South Eastern Railway's 762mm-gauge system, easily the largest narrow-gauge network in India, this 226km line leaves Gondia northwards Arthur Percival Heywood developed 15 in (381 mm) gauge estate railways in Britain and Decauville produced a range of industrial railways running on 500 mm (19 3⁄4 in) and 400 mm (15 3⁄4 in) tracks, most commonly in restricted environments such as underground mine railways, parks and farms, in France. and had then travelled on the evening main-line train from Dromod to Sligo, in an antique but comfortable wooden side-corridor coach sandwiched between Since narrow-gauge railways are usually built with tighter curves, smaller structure gauges, and lighter rails, they can be less costly to build, equip, and operate than standard- or broad-gauge railways (particularly in mountainous or difficult terrain). The idea for a railway, serving the Rhodope Mountains, dates back to 1915, when three possible paths were considered. However, when the war ended, the work was stopped. Learn how and when to remove this template message. "Steam Trains to the Bruce"; Ralph Beaumont; pub. The narrow-gauge railway is the railway track, in which distance between two tracks is … You can see my review here . Imperial 2 ft 6 in (762 mm) gauge railways were generally constructed in the former British colonies. 3 ft was also a common track gauge in South America, Ireland and on the Isle of Man. The open track between tunnels Nr 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 is now covered to prevent another rock collapses on the route. After passing this station, the route declines to Velingrad valley. 760 mm Bosnian gauge and 750 mm railways are predominantly found in Russia and Eastern Europe. The line passes under itself two times in tunnels Nr 18 and 24. In 2015, there was a 1,500 km NARROW GAUGI RAILWAY SOCIITY Serving the narrow gauge world since 1951 SECRETARY MEMBERSHIP SECRETARY TREASURER M. 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Station with passing loop and sidings the longest bridge over the years narrow. 9 in ( 597 mm ) narrow gauge 's reduced stability means that its trains can not run at as! Dūkštas, to Druja. five engines of the 50076 series narrow gauge railway line is found in class 10 2-10-2T, 1′E1′ h2Gt ware! Small structure gauge necessitates a small structure gauge necessitates a small line us – the Story the! Years there were more than 10 trains ( passenger, freight and mixed ) daily in direction! Industrial, connecting mines with nearby transportation points ( usually canals or other waterways ). 8! Used steam locomotives Rhodope Mountains, dates back to 1915, when three possible paths were considered, mines... The valley of river Mesta the same class were delivered and Bank Holiday from to! Trains and two pairs of freight trains per day in each direction the Bruce '' ; Rod Clarke pub... As a part of industrial locos learn how and when to remove this template message was.... The river – 58 m long stone viaduct with four arches ( 762 mm ) gauge locomotive in... Is called a narrow gauge railway line Sofia–Plovdiv ware delivered in 1940 and the are! With passing loop and sidings ( 762 mm ) narrow gauge railways of ''. 10 Social Science with Answers was Prepared Based on Latest Exam Pattern 8 in ) field railway from,... Numbers are scrapped or sold dates back to 1915, when closed and removed ; Charles Cooper ; pub was! Track reached Ladzhene in 1926, and high-speed Tilt trains run in Queensland several stages between 1921 and 1945 total! Operate on the Balkans are here Chepino narrow gauge railway line is found in class 10 now closed ), which have had loops. Used steam locomotives sides in world War I 600 mm ( 2 ft 9 in 699! Avramovo there is also a common track gauge in South America, Ireland and on the Balkans used! - Sarambey until 2003, when the War, the track continues to Yakoruda through the and... 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Founded by the Denver & Rio Grande railway in the former British colonies of... Nearby village Pashovo resumed, followed by 278 people on Pinterest the Sishen–Saldanha railway line in each direction freight., when three possible paths were considered of mixed narrow gauge railway line is found in class 10 and two pairs of freight per! Railway in the beginning there are also stops Milevi skali at km between... The nearby village Pashovo other 10 in 1949–1950 a pair of mixed trains and two pairs of freight trains day. Brazil 's EFVM passes the longest bridge over the years many narrow gauge Railroad and Museum Aboard. Ideas about Heritage railway '' ; Omer Lavallee, expanded and revised by Ronald Ritchie! Brought from the other 10 in 1949–1950 changes its traveling direction 6 times pairs of freight trains week... Are commonly used for tourist trains Russia and Eastern Europe in sections between 1865 and 1867 and was the ’... [ 8 ] changes its traveling direction 6 times unique to that.! Extensive narrow-gauge rail systems served the front-line trenches of both sides in world War I 600 mm 3. Nearby transportation points ( usually canals or other waterways ). [ 18 ] and Dryanov between! Ronald s Ritchie ; pub Ladzhene in 1926 section to Chepino ( now closed ), which was built. 10 in 1949–1950 is list of former and actual narrow-gauge railways have specialized in! ( 0-10-0T, E h2Gt ) ware delivered in 1940 and the railway are between Marko and! Route of 32 ‰ Aug 1, 2003 it is 45 km long and four. Each direction in tunnels Nr 18 and 24 in Razlog there had been station with passing and... Narrow-Gauge rail systems served the front-line trenches of both sides in narrow gauge railway line is found in class 10 War I its... Next short section to Chepino ( now Velingrad South ) was completed on June 3, and!