Endevio is an advisory service firm that focuses on High-Net-Worth Individuals and helps coordinate three distinct but related services: Through Endevio’s and its strategic partner’s international presence Endevio has vast experience in the development and provision of holistic services that are suited for each individual client. [26], Formal guidelines for the programme were announced in mid-2010; they stated that candidates would require €500,000, of which one portion would be invested inside the country and the rest would have to be contributed to the state budget. It says that in 2016, the year of the EU referendum, 33 British citizens applied for Spanish nationality. A person with dual citizenship is a citizen of two countries at the same time, which has both advantages and disadvantages because it is a complex legal status. Free Quote. [7], The constitution of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (FRY, comprising Serbia and Montenegro) passed in 1992 continued the two-tier structure of federal citizenship and republic citizenship. Nonetheless, it also has not taken any stand towards it, either judicially or politically. Not all countries allow their citizens to have dual citizenship. [28], Later in August, when rumours surfaced that Serbian businessman Miroslav Mišković was in the process of applying for citizenship under the program, then Prime Minister Milo Đukanović denied the reports, and further stated that the process of receiving applications for economic citizenship under the new guidelines had not yet begun. People can become dual citizens automatically (normally by birth or marriage), or after successfully applying for the citizenship of another country. #4 Security - Obtaining a second passport from a stable country puts your mind at rest. Dual citizenship. We are developing solid investment opportunities for our clients around the world to acquire a permanent residence, a second passport and a second citizenship. Applications open from Jan 2019. Polish law does not explicitly allow dual citizenship, but possession of another citizenship is tolerated since there are no penalties for its possession alone. [8] However, the actual citizenship act governing the details of acquisition of citizenship in the FRY was not passed until 1996. III CESSATION OF MONTENEGRIN CITIZENSHIP Article 19 The concept of citizenship in Montenegrin law can be traced back to the laws promulgated in 1803 by Petar I Petrović-Njegoš, which articulated the principle of jus sanguinis in reference to Crnogorac (Montenegrins) and Brdjanin (Highlanders), and then to the legal code of 1855, which reiterated the earlier principles and also granted foreigners the right to reside in Montenegro. [31] According to a Dnevne Novine report; concerns remained that the citizenship-by-investment programme would not attract genuine investors but only people engaged in money laundering and those who sought to hide from crimes committed abroad (as Montenegro does not extradite its citizens). Montenegro: No: Dual citizenship allowed only if a bilateral treaty exists with the other … However, in recent years several countries have fostered a more favourable attitude towards allowing their citizens to hold Dual Citizenship, either through recognising Dual/Mulitple Citizenship or amending their requirements for naturalisation. Citizenship of a constituent republic came from descent rather than place of birth; in the case of two parents with citizenship of different republics, the citizenship of the child depended on agreement by the parents, or lacking such agreement, a legal determination based on the child's place of residence. A List of Countries That Allow Dual Citizenship (And Those That Do Not). In the context of Montenegro’s citizenship regime, which is among the most restrictive in the Balkans in terms of naturalisation requirements and intolerance of dual citizenship, the amendment implies that applicants are no longer required to obtain release from their citizenship of origin. Dual citizenship is only permitted to Slovak citizens who acquire a second citizenship by birth or through marriage. Dual citizenship can give you more control and independence, whether that means added freedom to fly to more countries, to live in other jurisdictions or the freedom to choose the lifestyle that you wish. [32] However, others argue that the programme could help in attracting foreign investment capital to Montenegro, especially from Americans living abroad who remain fully subject to U.S. taxation unless they switch citizenships. However, persons who acquire a foreign nationality after age 18 by applying for … Related: Complete Guide to Malta Citizenship by Investment. Montenegro had a conflict-filled history in the 20th century and its track record as a stable democracy is relatively short. Is Montenegro part of the European Union? However, in practice, it is allowed, and no restriction or discrimination is put against those citizens who hold dual or multiple citizenships, other than their appointment for high-ranking government posts, such as ministers, supreme court high council members and president. This list is a quick reference guide; however, laws can change in other countries and many countries have many “nuances” that this post will not cover. About 300,000 UK citizens live in Spain, yet few have applied for citizenship. Furthermore, under republic-level law, Montenegrins living in Serbia had no voting rights in Montenegro either. In order for you to have dual citizenship, the other country you are a citizen of must also allow this. Montenegro allows holding dual citizenship and does not requires relinquishing previous citizenships under the new economic citizenship scheme. This means securing your families future, through education, health-care or simply a better lifestyle. However this clause was the subject of political tensions, and led to delays in the passage of a formal citizenship act. The Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (SFRY) for its part passed a citizenship act in 1945, which stated that Yugoslav citizenship was held by people who were citizens under the 1928 act and people who had the ethnicity of one of the Yugoslav republics; it also deprived emigrants of their citizenship, and prohibited multiple citizenship. Does Montenegro allow dual citizenship? Owning second citizenship is a step towards more freedom. The Citizenship Act of 1964 removed the provisions for depriving emigrants of citizenship, as well as establishing procedures for naturalisation. Understandably, the strength of Montenegro’s passport makes it an attractive choice for frequent and adventurous travelers, international businesspeople and location-independent entrepreneurs. Yes, it is possible for a South African Citizen to hold dual citizenship (be a citizen of more than one country). By attaining Dual Citizenship status, high net worth families have the means to unlock their full potential by accessing better opportunities in another country. Depending on your budget and your reasons for seeking a plan B, they are available around the world, including the Caribbean, Europe and Oceania. Dual Citizenship Montenegro citizens WHAT IS DUAL CITIZENSHIP? However, in order to make this possible a South African Citizen aged 18 years or older must apply to the Department of Home Affairs for the retention of their citizenship. Anyone with Malaysian citizenship, however, may not have dual citizenship. Malta has triumphantly proved itself as the new hub for progress with stability. A complete list of countries that allow dual citizenship in 2020, 12 Differences between European Citizenship and Caribbean Citizenship, 11 Reasons why you should consider Second Citizenship, 10 Things To Consider About A Second Residency. For most people, the road to a passport will be a fairly intensive process. Montenegrin citizenship act has often been deemed rigorous for not allowing dual citizenship for those who tried to obtain it after 2006, when Montenegro became an independent state. Relinquishing your original passport is not the ideal scenario; however, trading one passport for another is not necessarily a bad thing, which is why it is so critical to know all the information before making your decision. (*countries that allow dual citizenship under select conditions only). Montenegrin citizenship may be acquired based on a ratified international treaties or agreements signed by Montenegro. To this day Montenegro has only signed a reciprocal bilateral agreement allowing this … Let us show you the Top 4 ways to Acquire Maltese Residency. If the person also holds citizenship from a country with a reciprocal, bilateral agreement with Montenegro. The Malta Citizenship by Investment Program is one of the most sought after and unique programs. Montenegro Citizenship by Investment Program - Official Website. [1] There are also provisions for citizenship-by-investment, though the government has suspended the relevant guidelines in the face of European Union concern. By the time the federal legislation was passed, the constituent republics had already adopted new citizenship legislation in line with the new constitution. Some countries, however, do not permit multiple citizenship e.g. Montenegro has signed E1 and E2 treaty with United States since 1882, which are better alternatives for EB-5 scheme [18] It continued to impose strict requirements for naturalisation. Furthermore, Montenegro allows holding dual citizenship and does not require renouncing previous citizenships under the new economic citizenship scheme. [20] In 2012 it was reported that Montenegro and Serbia were negotiating such a treaty.[21]. [25] The move sparked public criticism, but government spokeswoman Olivera Đukanović dismissed the concerns by claiming that other countries had similar programs. Montenegro. When it comes to dual or multiple citizenship, the world is divided: there are countries whose laws allow their own citizens to acquire another citizenship without losing their present one. [33][34] However, penalties do exist for exercising foreign citizenship, such as identifying oneself to Polish authorities using a foreign identification document. #5 Quality of Life - Depending on which passport you acquire, you may be granted access to world-class education and health-care, as well as an overall enhanced lifestyle. [5], Until the breakup of Yugoslavia there were two further changes to nationality laws, each being passed soon after the adoption of a new Constitution of Yugoslavia. 13/2008). Dual citizenship can give you more control and independence, whether that means added freedom to fly to more countries, to live in other jurisdictions or the freedom to choose the lifestyle that you wish. [10] It also stated that a person acquiring FRY citizenship by naturalisation would also acquire the citizenship of the republic on whose territory the event of naturalisation occurred. Every country has its own rules. You can for example look for information on an official website which belongs to the authorities in this country or ask an embassy. Nations That Allow Dual Citizenship Albania. Whether this includes double tax treaties or capital gains, optimising your taxes will allow you to manage your wealth better. A passport comes as a benefit of full citizenship in Montenegro. [3], When Montenegro was a part of Yugoslavia, it had citizenship policies in common with the rest of the country. They are: 1. [19], Under the new nationality law, Articles 8 and 9 provide that persons applying for naturalisation in Montenegro must provide proof of having given up their previous citizenship, while Article 24 provides that Montenegrins acquiring citizenship of another country lose their Montenegrin citizenship. Written by: Irena PUBLISHED: Jun 17th 2019 However, it did not permit people who obtained another citizenship afterwards to retain dual citizenship, instead requiring to give up one or the other citizenship within a year. This makes travelling a complex matter as travel visas would need to be obtained. In 1905, Nicholas I of Montenegro's "Statute of Montenegro" promulgated further guidelines, for the first time using the term … We work with authorized agents for Montenegro citizenship program. However it required that they renounce their former citizenship in the process. Buy the Cheapest CIP in Europe from GCI. Dual citizenship refers to a person who is legally recognised as a citizen in two countries at the same time. Our dedicated team of experts can help you at every step of the way for obtaining your Maltese citizenship. A second passport can offer a solution to that problem by increasing one’s mobility, removing the bureaucracy from the equation. Montenegro’s Citizenship can be acquired through a contribution of €100,000 to the government and an investment in pre-approved real estate projects that values at €250,000 in the northern region or €450,000 at the bustling southern region. However, Article 18 provides exceptions from this general prohibition against multiple nationality in the case of a bilateral treaty between Montenegro and the other country of citizenship. [15][16], After Montenegro became an independent country in 2006, article 12 of the new Constitution of Montenegro passed in 2007 established Montenegrin citizenship. Why Endevio as your Relocation Services Advisor? Interested in our services? Once a country passes laws to allow dual citizenship any person who had lost citizenship by birth after gaining citizenship of another country is allowed to reapply for citizenship. Moreover, Montenegro does have a citizenship by investment program. [2] In 1905, Nicholas I of Montenegro's "Statute of Montenegro" promulgated further guidelines, for the first time using the term "Montenegrin citizens" instead of "Montenegrins" and "Highlanders", and also establishing the right of renunciation of citizenship after completion of military service. However, those acquiring dual citizenship after June 3, 2006 may only keep their dual citizenship with countries that have signed a bilateral agreement with Montenegro. Citizenship of Montenegro is the citizenship of Montenegro. Which major countries do allow dual citizenship with Australia? It also provided that people who held SFRY citizenship, were permanently resident on the territory of the FRY at the time of the promulgation of the constitution, and had no other citizenships could apply for FRY citizenship. Every country has its own rules. Dual citizenship is allowed. Montenegro and Serbia have had talks to allow dual nationalities between the two countries. The Albanian government recognizes dual nationality for both naturalized and native-born citizens. Montenegro allows its citizens to hold foreign citizenship in addition to their Montenegrin citizenship. It also defined the character of citizenship in Montenegro as "civic" rather than "ethnic". E1/E2 Treaty. If one person is legally recognized as a citizen of the two countries then he/she has dual citizenship. In Slovenia, the possibility of dual citizenship is allowed in exceptional examples, such as: if both countries allow the possibility of dual citizenship or in the case of obtaining Slovenian citizenship on the basis of repatriation. [29] Then in November 2010, the Montenegrin Ministry of Foreign Affairs formally announced the suspension of the previous guidelines about economic citizenship. Budimir Aleksić of the Poslanik Nove for his part complained that the government would "sell citizenship" while leaving 60,000 residents of Montenegro stateless. But there are a few exceptions. Montenegro allows holding dual citizenship and does not requires relinquishing previous citizenships under the new economic citizenship scheme. Spain’s ministry of justice told Guardian Money that “the latest data we have of Britons who have applied for Spanish citizenship are very low”. In short, it is a unique way of obtaining Citizenship by Investment, designed by the Maltese government. It is regulated by a citizenship law, ratified by Parliament in 2008 and published by the Official Journal of Montenegro (No. The global residence program grants special tax status in Malta, Maltese residence permit to holders and the possibility of double taxation relief. [14] Under reformulation of the FRY as the State Union of Serbia and Montenegro in 2003, the Constitutional Charter of Serbia and Montenegro further clarified the relationship between citizenship and voting rights: it stated in Article 7 that citizens of Serbia and of Montenegro residing in the other would each have full rights, but with the specific exception of voting rights. [12] It also established particularly stringent criteria for naturalisation, in an effort to prevent refugees from Bosnia and Herzegovina and from Croatia from gaining voting rights in Montenegro. Not all countries allow its citizens to hold dual citizenship – China and India, for example, where attained foreign citizenship leads to automatic loss of citizenship. U.S. law does not mention dual nationality or require a person to choose one nationality or another. [4] The constituent republics, including the Socialist Republic of Montenegro, passed their own citizenship acts, which mirrored the federal acts and provided for acquisition of citizenship of the constituent republic along with federal citizenship. On the basis of the international treaties and agreements referred to in paragraph 1 of this Article, dual citizenship may be established, on the condition that it is reciprocal. Owning second citizenship is a step towards more freedom. Therefore, in theory, the law does not allow dual citizenship. [36], An Act relating to Montenegrin citizenship, Kingdom of Yugoslavia and Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, Federal Republic of Yugoslavia and State Union of Serbia and Montenegro, Visa requirement for Montenegrin citizens, Constitutional Charter of Serbia and Montenegro, Montenegrin independence referendum, 2006, Ministry of Interior Affairs and Public Administration, Visa requirements for Montenegrin citizens, "Zoran Lutovac: Dual Citizenship Agreement Will Bring Benefits", "Crna Gora ukinula ekonomsko državljanstvo", "Njemačka agencija DPA objavila da je vlada ekonomsko državljanstvo pripremila za ruske oligarhe", "Buy your way into Montenegro for half a million euros", "Crna Gora: Nismo dali 'ekonomsko državljanstvo' Miškoviću", "Do usaglašavanja sa EU ukinuto ekonomsko državljanstvo", "Montenegro economic citizenship still on hold", "Šest mjeseci od promocije vladinog programa ekonomskog državljanstva još nema najava da će početi primjena", "Global Ranking - Visa Restriction Index 2015", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Montenegrin_nationality_law&oldid=978454634, Pages using collapsible list with both background and text-align in titlestyle, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 15 September 2020, at 01:16. So now that you know which countries allow dual citizenship let’s explore the many benefits that come with acquiring a second passport. In addition to the rather strict mechanisms for naturalisation, Montenegro has a programme of citizenship-by-investment or economic citizenship (ekonomsko državljanstvo), allowing foreigners to be granted the citizenship of Montenegro at the discretion of the Ministry of Interior Affairs and Public Administration. Other countries operate restricted and highly selective eligibility criteria, such as Spain, which only permits dual nationality with selected Latin American countries. [9] It automatically gave citizenship in the FRY to everyone who had republic citizenship of Serbia or of Montenegro under the SFRY. While there have been talks to allow dual nationality between Serbians and Montenegrins (in light of the two countries’ being one until 2006), citizens of Montenegro are forbidden to hold other citizenships and will lose their citizenship if they are naturalized elsewhere. You must make sure what the rules are in the country you are now a citizen of. Albanians can acquire citizenship of other nations without losing their original citizenship unless the laws of the other country require them to renounce the Albanian citizenship to get the other. [24] In March 2010, former Prime Minister of Thailand Thaksin Shinawatra received citizenship under this article due to his investments in tourism in Montenegro which were reported to be in the range of millions of Euros, despite pending charges of corruption that had been laid against him in his home country. Montenegro is a country that allows dual citizenship, so obtaining your second, third or subsequent passport won’t be a problem. [35], In 2015, Montenegrin citizens had visa-free or visa on arrival access to 104 countries and territories, ranking the Montenegrin passport 48th in the world according to the Visa Restrictions Index. A majority of other countries permit dual citizenship, including Canada, France, Ireland, Italy, Sweden, the UK and the US. Whilst Polish law does not explicitly accept dual citizenship, Polish citizens can hold dual citizenship. The Kingdom of Yugoslavia passed a formal citizenship act in 1928, establishing that citizenship would be acquired by patrilineal descent. [27][26] However others offered public praise to the programme, including Canadian ambassador to Serbia, Montenegro, and Macedonia John Morrison, who compared it to Canada's own visa policy, which has provisions for granting visas to investors. #3 Tax Optimisation - Certain jurisdictions provide advantageous tax legislation which may prove to be very beneficial to you and your business. 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